Kim-Trump summit: What now?

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SINGAPORE: Donald Trump’s groundbreaking meeting with Kim Jong Un, the hereditary leader of a dynastic dictatorship, was heralded by the main players as a breakthrough that will bring about major change, but left others wondering: What now?, reports AFP.

After decades of isolation over its nuclear and missile programmes, the regime—decried for human rights abuses at home and its destabilising threats of war—received a warm embrace from the US president, who welcomed an agreement on the “complete denuclearisation” of the Korean peninsula, even as critics suggested the document was short on details.

Beyond the tub-thumping soundbites of the Singapore summit, the unprecedented get-together left many questions unanswered and some US allies in the region facing an uncertain future.

Here is a look at where the main players stand, and what may lie ahead.

Any reduction in tensions on its doorstep is welcome for China, North Korea’s closest ally, which accounts for around 90 percent of Pyongyang’s trade. Beijing lost little time in declaring that Singapore forged a “new history”.

Trump’s shock announcement of a stop to war games with Seoul will have come as an added bonus as Beijing has always eyed the military exercises in its backyard warily. In another political win for President Xi Jinping, the declaration was effectively a tacit acceptance of the “freeze for freeze” proposal pushed by Beijing—a halt to both US-South Korea joint drills and the North’s weapons tests.

Xi met twice with Kim before Singapore and retains a strong influence on the situation—China even lent Kim a plane to get to the summit.

Beijing immediately hinted that the United Nations could consider lifting the punishing sanctions on North Korea that Trump credits with bringing Kim to the table.

South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in played a critical part in bringing about the Singapore summit, patching things up when the meeting threatened to founder amid a return to mutual mudslinging. Seoul and Pyongyang have already vowed to hold more regular meetings and the legitimisation of Kim on the world stage makes a Moon trip to Pyongyang more likely.

North and South are also likely to renew their push towards a declaration that the 1950-53 Korean war is over, after fighting stopped in an armistice rather than a peace treaty.

But like everyone else, military chiefs in South Korea were caught off-guard by Trump’s unilateral declaration of an end to joint exercises, which is likely to embolden conservatives calling for Seoul to develop nuclear weapons of its own.

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